Cornelius Bosch - 03/04/2009
For the past two days, I heard the name Boutros Boutros-Ghali in my spirit. Now to my shame, I must admit that I have heard that name before, but I really could not tell anything about him. See, I have not really been into the news and politics at all (until lately) and I do not have a TV. I heard the name many years ago, but that was the extent of my knowledge. Maybe that is the reason why the Lord has given this to me, because I can truly say I did not know who this was.
So the first and second time I heard that name, it just went out of me again and I did nothing about it. This afternoon I took a nap and when I woke up, there it was again. This time, I got up and went to the Internet to look him up. So, he turns out to be an Egyptian diplomat who was the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) from January 1992 to January 1997.
Since April 2007 Boutros-Ghali has supported the Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly and was one of the initial signatories of the Campaign's appeal. In a message to the Campaign, he stressed the necessity to establish democratic participation of citizens at the global level.
Now the interesting thing is that this man is involved with the UNPA. If you read this article, you will see that they are in fact proposing the One World Order.
Support for a UN Parliamentary Assembly grows
The time is ripe for the establishment of an elected body at the world level, a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly (UNPA). After lingering for decades, the proposal now has more support than ever. Around 150 nongovernmental organizations and more than 500 members of parliament and many hundreds of further distinguished individuals from 120 countries have joined an international campaign launched in April 2007 to establish a UNPA.
Former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali stated that a UNPA "has become an indispensable step to achieve democratic control of globalization. Complementary to international democracy among states, which no less has to be developed, it would foster global democracy beyond states, giving the citizens a genuine voice in world affairs".
Giving elected representatives a voice
By contrast to intergovernmental bodies such as the UN General Assembly, where appointed diplomats pursue their business, a UNPA would be composed of elected representatives. The total number would probably be somewhere around 900. Population size is generally considered to be the main factor to determine the number per country. Direct proportional representation, however, would enable a few large countries to dominate the body and minimize its political outreach. Gradual adjustments thus would need to be negotiated. The debate on the redistribution of seats in the European Parliament provides important clues for this approach.
Global governance as it stands is tyranny speaking the language of democracy. We need a directly elected assembly.
It was first proposed, as far as I can discover, in 1842, by Alfred Tennyson. Since then the idea has broken the surface and sunk again at least a dozen times. But this time it could start to swim. The demand for a world parliament is at last acquiring some serious political muscle. The campaign for a UN parliamentary assembly is being launched this week on five continents. It is backed by nearly 400 MPs from 70 countries.
By Judi McLeod Wednesday, July 2, 2008
A UN-styled One World Government has just taken a great leap forward. "Little more than a year after its launch, an international campaign to bring democracy to the United Nations has achieved a landmark", says a June 30 media release from Ottawa.
Like most things UN, the international campaign has an innocuous sounding name, the United Nations Parliamentary Assembly, UNPA for short. The UNPA's 500 parliamentary endorsers, from over 80 countries, including Canada's Senator Romeo Dallaire, have all signed the campaign's appeal.
"In addition to the support of 519 current parliamentarians, the UNPA campaign has been endorsed by the European Parliament, the Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development of the Canadian House of Commons, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the Pan-African Parliament and (most recently) the Latin American Parliament's Commission on Political Affairs.
Andreas Bummel is head of the UNPA Secretariat, which is headquartered in Berlin. "The enthusiastic response of these politicians demonstrates that lawmakers elected at the national level readily appreciate the logic of having elected representatives at the global level and now want to take action", says Bummel.
What latter-day politician would not be enthused to have more power at the global level and be ready for action? The UNPA campaign could have more accurately headlined their media release, "Here comes the first draft of One World Government".
Now that it's all but a fait accompli, average folk can view UNPA online. The appeal "asserts that solutions to the world's major economic, environmental, humanitarian and other problems require that 'all human beings engage in collaborative efforts', including a gradual implementation of democratic participation and representation on the global level".
One question that should immediately come to mind is the one that asks, "How gradual an implementation of democratic participation from the public at large? According to the media release, "The broad endorsement the appeal got from elected representatives all over the world is a major milestone".
Dallaire said, "A UN Parliamentary Assembly would make the UN system more accountable and more responsive to the collective needs and rights of the world's citizens".
Lofty words from a man whose cry for help to the UN for more peacekeepers in Rwanda went unheeded. Dallaire was the Canadian general in charge of the UN peacekeeping troops during the 1994 Rwandan genocide.
Here is how the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) Digital Archives explains Dallaire: "With more than 800,000 people slaughtered in 100 days, the Rwandan genocide stands as one of the most horrific mass murders of the past century. In the middle of the horror was a Canadian peacekeeper whose efforts to avert the tragedy were thwarted by political apathy and incalculable evil. CBC Digital looks back at this sad chapter in Africa's history and how Lt.-Gen. Romeo Dallaire managed to survive to become Canada's most famous casualty of war".
Luis Maria de Puig, Spanish Senator, President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, promises "The establishment of a UN Parliamentary Assembly would be an important step to bring the UN closer to the world's citizens".
Amadi Bethel, deputy of the People's Democratic Party, Nigerian House of Representatives states "Through elected representatives the new assembly would give ordinary citizens a voice in international affairs. This would introduce a new dynamic at the UN, something which governments also might appreciate".
Problem is that governments everywhere now march to the tune of the politically correct and continue to create ways to tax the little people they were elected to serve.
The appeal was initiated by an international campaign launched in May of 2007. The UN Parliamentary Assembly could be established as a consultative body-without requiring UN Charter reform. It would initially be composed of national and regional parliamentarians but at a later stage become a directly elected body.
But ordinary people did not ask for the creation of a UN Parliamentary Assembly, politicians and NGOs did.
"Anyone who believes in a more democratic world can sign the appeal by visiting unpacampaign.org", says Fergus Watt, Executive Director of the World Federalist Movement-Canada, a member of the UNPA Campaign steering committee.
According to Watt, "a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly would help foster a sense of global community and create a powerful constituency for a United Nations system better equipped to tackle the many challenges ahead".
The Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly is a global network of parliamentarians and non-governmental organizations advocating citizen's representation at the United Nations. The World Federalist Movement-Canada (WFM-C) is a not-for-profit research, education and advocacy organization. It is a member of the international World Federalist Movement (WFM), an association of 24 World Federalist organizations from around the world. WFM is headquartered in New York--next to the United Nations.
To patriots everywhere, the UNPA should be as welcome as the threat of the looming North American Union (NAU). For in spite of the enthusiasm of the politicians who signed the appeal, it is nothing more than One World Government in disguise.
A direct democratic connection between the world's citizens and the world's governance needs to be created. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the former UN Secretary General, calls for a global parliamentary assembly
Over the past decades, democracy has spread continuously throughout the world. Sixty years ago, after the Second World War, a third of the world population lived in countries with democratic systems of government. Until today, the number has almost doubled. International polls show that a large majority of people in all world regions consider democracy to be the best system of government. This gratifying development should not divert our attention from the structural crisis democracy is facing in the wake of globalization.
The challenges of our time are enormous. Problems which can only be solved effectively at the global level are multiplying. The requirement of political governance is increasingly extending beyond state borders. Climate change, environmental devastation, social disparity, terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, population growth and the growing shortage of fresh water and basic foods are just a few of the pressing issues. Yet, the current economic crisis is at the top of the agenda. The global economic slowdown and price disruptions magnify the impacts of the other problems. In this globalized world, no country or individual will be left untouched by its consequences. The last time an economic crisis of such magnitude occurred, it led to the rise of dreadful anti-democratic trends and social upheaval. It contributed to the rise of fascism, the outbreak of the Second World War and genocide. During the current global economic crisis, we should not turn a blind eye to this lesson.
Thus, while world leaders ponder governance reforms now, they must not lose sight of the importance of strengthening democracy. Measures to sustain the stability of the financial system and to absorb the immediate shocks of the crisis are, of course, in focus. However, the crisis should also be used as an opportunity to address a largely ignored aspect of democratization: Democracy within the state will diminish in importance if the process of democratization is not extended to the system of international governance as well. Applying democratic principles to international institutions must be an essential component of any reform of global governance. It was overdue to include the emerging powers from the South in major international deliberations as signified by the last G-20 meetings in Washington D.C. and London.
However, what I am referring to is not international democracy among states. The reform of the Security Council, for example, has kept legions of diplomats busy over the past decades. By contrast to this, however, a third dimension of democratization is almost completely neglected: Developing global democracy beyond states.
This project includes the task of giving the world's citizens a more direct say in global affairs. A direct link between global institutions and the people on the spot needs to be established. But how could such a project of global democratization be approached? One indispensable means to this end is the establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly. A growing international movement advocating this goal has gained impressive political support over the last years. The endorsers of the proposal include the European Parliament, the Pan-African Parliament, the Latin American Parliament, the Senate of Argentina and over 700 members of parliament from around the world.
A United Nations Parliamentary Assembly - a global body of elected representatives - could invigorate our institutions of global governance with unprecedented democratic legitimacy, transparency, and accountability. Initially, the assembly could have a largely consultative function. Over time its authority and powers could evolve. It could be complementary to the UN General Assembly and its establishment, in the first step at least, would not require a cumbersome reform of the UN Charter. President Barack Obama recently stated that the absence of oversight is one of the major problems we are facing with regard to the international financial system. A global parliamentary assembly could play an important role in exercising genuine and independent oversight over the global system's array of institutions.
On the economic front, a Parliamentary Assembly at the UN could facilitate the alignment of the Washington-based Bretton Woods Institutions and the World Trade Organization with the policies of the UN, in particular the Millennium Development Goals. The assembly could monitor the impact of the policies of the international financial and economic institutions in fields such as sustainable development, food security, education, public health, human rights and the eradication of extreme poverty. Establishing a global parliamentary body, of course, is a complex matter. One of the most frequent arguments brought forward against the proposal asserts that such an assembly would be dominated by a majority of delegates from large countries, many of them undemocratic ones to boot. Due to the impressive expansion of democracy in the world, however, this is no longer true. Quite on the contrary, a UN Parliamentary Assembly could be a strong tool to support national democratization. After all, it would allow minorities and opposition forces to be represented.
Citizens expect a response to the financial crisis which goes beyond simply restoring the financial viability and profits of the banking and securities sectors. They want a system which is more responsive to the needs and concerns of ordinary people. What more meaningful way to facilitate this than by establishing a direct, democratic connection between the world's citizens and the world's governance through a global parliamentary assembly?