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Developments in the Gulf Disaster
Update - 5/26/10 BP’s video footage of the 23rd of May in articles below clearly show
blowouts from the sea floor around the deepwater horizon well head. Some at
first thought the well head and blowout preventer had blown off but it appears
from the footage that there were blowouts of much oil and gas from the sea
floor, some between the camera and lights which were struck by this and the well
head, which was in view. Much sediment was thrown from the floor into the clear
water to obstruct the view of the well head so they thought it had blown off.
The only way for these blowouts to come from the sea floor would be for the
massive amounts of sand and gravel in the crude blowing through the well casing
to blast holes in it beneath the sea floor, only to surface through the path of
least resistance. I heard several weeks ago the engineers were afraid the high
volume flowing through the pipe would erode it into pieces. This is consistent
with my experience from Exxon about erosion of crude and slurry blasting holes
in pipes and it appears this has just happened. It seems clear there is much
It isn’t certain that they can plug the leak with their top kill method. The
mud, cement and solids they are going to pump into the well casing may just blow
out of the holes. This would be a major catastrophe, not just for the gulf
coast but the whole world.
Here is an interesting description of the problem and the top kill process.
If their methods fail and the Gulf continues to fill with benzene, hydrogen
sulfide and methane, the hurricanes that are coming could saturate the Gulf
coast with these poisons, making them uninhabitable. If this happens or
threatens to happen, there will be an exodus from the coast, just as the Lord
appeared to be showing us. “Black Tuesday,” when
the leaks started, really was an economic catastrophe, too.
I have seen no confirmation in the national news of this sub-sea floor blowout
but the powers that be are being very careful now with press releases and I
would not doubt that the administration and BP are hoping their methods will
stop the leaks without the bad news harming the economy.
In the Awful News from the Gulf and Major
Change Down Below articles below you will see people have been watching this
unfold from the beginning and question whether a loop was put in to show
previous video footage. Some of the comments question why the time codes on the
footage was removed, which makes room for suspicion.
There is a much greater volume of crude leaking out and their capacity to sink
it with dispersants will weaken and more will show on the surface quickly. From
the dreams we have had, it appears there is coming an evacuation of the Gulf
Update - 5/31/10 Well, they pumped mud until they ran out (three shiploads on scene) and it
didn’t seem to slow down the leak. However, the mud was somewhat displacing the
oil and more mud was leaking out instead. It appears
they are saying it is not working.
We have heard from the Amedees who live on the Louisiana coast. They, their
neighbors and people working on the cleanup and on the water are getting sick
breathing the oily air coming in off the Gulf. They reported seven captains of
the boats going to the hospitals. Their neighbors are being told this is
allergies. For health effects of benzene and hydrogen sulfide, byproducts
of crude and the natural gas in it, see below.
Strange things are happening to the sea creatures along the Gulf coast. The
Brunis came to visit and reported probably a thousand stingrays closely packed
together and close to the beach were headed east, away from the oil plume coming
our way. None of us have ever seen such a thing. Gerard Drake went down to some
dock where he eats lunch sometimes and saw many dolphins constantly jumping out
of the water there. He has been eating there for years and has never seen a
dolphin do this there. Are they trying to escape the water or tell us
The Gulf coast is being set up for a disaster with oil all down the coast and
what has been said may possibly be the worst hurricane season in a long time.
Scientists have found that a hurricane churns the water 300-400 feet down,
causing the aromatics to be caught up in the storm and dumped on the land.
Corexit 9500 is the solvent being used to
disperse the crude and sink it out of sight. However, it is apparently not
being used to save aquatic life since it is four times more toxic than oil. Oil
becomes toxic at 11 ppm but Corexit 9500 at only 2.61 ppm. In a report entitled
Toxicity of Three Corexit Products: An Overview, this dispersal agent is
discovered to be one of the most toxic. Hurricanes and rains dropping this on the coasts
and up the Northeast would be another catastrophe.
What is shown on TV is the small amount of
oil on top of the water and is the least of the problems. There are now three
large underwater plumes of oil and dispersant. One is going southeast with the loop
current around the tip of Florida and up the east coast. One is going east of
Louisiana to the Alabama and Florida coasts. And one is going west to the
Louisiana and Texas coasts.
A series of explosions appears to have
collapsed the seafloor and blown up the BOP at the well head. Oil and gas are
billowing out of a depression in the seafloor where the BOP used to be at an
exponentially greater rate than anything seen before.
My theory: The well consisted of the casing with the drill pipe inside it. The
sand and rocks that turned the gusher into a giant sandblaster that blew out
holes in the riser pipe at the kinks was coming from the walls of the well that
the cement between the casing and the wall was supposed to protect. Therefore,
the hole has been getting bigger and bigger and now it’s like a volcano vent
with the piping inside it probably a twisted mess. The relief wells can’t
possibly stop this because anything they add will just be blown out of the
I've put everything back into proper chronological order and have begun
adding images and video for documentary purposes.
I've been watching the live Spillcam, and
discussing it with folks all day long. About 5pm last night, we all started
taking note of gas bubbling out of the seabed floor. It started earlier than
that, actually-- see pic a few posts down. About 1am this morning, the eruptions
began to increase in spew volume.
The First Noted Venting Hole (TNVH)
At about 8am, CDT, as I watched, things
started changing rapidly. Where the water around the two major gush points used
to be very clear, it is now super turbid, and detritus is flying everywhere in a
chaotic manner. seabed venting is obvious to see when ROV cameras pan around.
Yet-to-be-confirmed rumors are that the casing wall has finally worn through,
about 300 feet below seabed, at an annulus (coupling), and the gas and oil are
now finding a new way out to the seabed.
Not good news, as it will make the Top-Kill/Junk Shot nearly ineffectual... At
the least, it means that more pressure and mud/cement is going to be required.
Screengrab of the early Morning Chaos Event. Everything went up all at once. ROV
was perfectly stationary. EVERYTHING went "BOOM" and black:
I am looking for video of this event. Most
people started taping after the actual start. The entire range of field erupted
at once. Everything. Everywhere, and then the pipe went GUSH!
Update: Here's a screen grab
showing the new hole in the seabed. That's not the riser end from a new angle.
This was grabbed while the ROV on the riser end was panning around. The BOP is
over 600 feet away, so it is not that, either.
What the First Noted Venting Hole (TNVH)
turned into 18 hours later. Same pair of broken pipes, Riser end is in same
position, except everything has settled down a few feet, and the hole is bigger.
that's an ejection rim. Those two broken pipes are more exposed. A lot of earth
got moved down and away all at once.
UPDATE: The riser pipe used to be
pretty clean all along it's top. Now, it is piled over with sediment.
Something had happened to the dispersant mechanism, too. Pipes and connectors
got knocked loose, green liquid (antifreeze?) was pouring out of the machine,
and we watched the ROV repair the leak.
Seabed seems to have sunk rapidly (perhaps
scoured away rapidly?). Riser end is now in a big crater. Side pipes more
exposed-- different angle?
UPDATE 1:20pm CDT: While watching, ANOTHER major "explosion" occurred.
ROV Cam now covered in Oil. It was pushed around by the force of expulsion, or
moved back a few feet by controllers. Our Favorite Disaster Bot is taking a
beating. Gush seems to have at least doubled in size and volume.
Provided by BSC:
Photo series equating 12:23 minutes from "WTF?" to BOOOM! No need for ROV
"reading" lectures, the pipe end billowed out, and then everywhere around
billowed up, and then SPLAT!:
BP Well Bore and Casing Integrity May
Be Blown, Says Florida’s Sen. Nelson By: bmaz Monday
Oil and gas are leaking from the seabed
surrounding the BP Macondo well in the Gulf of Mexico, Senator Bill Nelson of
Florida told Andrea Mitchell today on MSNBC. Nelson, one of the most informed
and diligent Congressmen on the BP gulf oil spill issue, has received reports of
leaks in the well, located in the Mississippi Canyon sector. This is potentially
huge and devastating news.
If Nelson is correct in that assertion, and he is smart enough to not make such
assertions lightly, so I think they must be taken at face value, it means the
well casing and well bore are compromised and the gig is up on containment
pending a completely effective attempt to seal the well from the bottom via
successful “relief wells”. In fact, I have confirmed with Senator Nelson’s
office that they are fully aware of the breaking news and significance of what
the Senator said to Andrea Mitchell.
Hydrogen sulfide is considered a broad-spectrum poison, meaning that it can
poison several different systems in the body, although the nervous system is
most affected. The toxicity of H2S is comparable with that of hydrogen cyanide.
It forms a complex bond with iron in the mitochondrial cytochrome enzymes,
thereby blocking oxygen from binding and stopping cellular respiration.
Since hydrogen sulfide occurs naturally in
the body, the environment and the gut, enzymes exist in the body capable of
detoxifying it by oxidation to (harmless) sulfate. Hence, low levels of sulfide
may be tolerated indefinitely.
At some threshold level, believed to average around 300–350 ppm, the oxidative
enzymes become overwhelmed. Many personal safety gas detectors, such as those
used by utility, sewage and petrochemical workers, are set to alarm at as low as
5 to 10 ppm and to go into high alarm at 15 ppm.
An interesting diagnostic clue of extreme poisoning by H2S is the discoloration
of copper coins in the pockets of the victim. Treatment involves immediate
inhalation of amyl nitrite, injections of sodium nitrite, inhalation of pure
oxygen, administration of bronchodilators to overcome eventual bronchospasm, and
in some cases hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO). HBO therapy has anecdotal support
and remains controversial.
Exposure to lower concentrations can result in eye irritation, a sore throat and
cough, nausea, shortness of breath, and fluid in the lungs. These effects are
believed to be due to the fact that hydrogen sulfide combines with
alkali present in moist surface tissues to form sodium sulfide, a caustic. These
symptoms usually go away in a few weeks.
Long-term, low-level exposure may result in fatigue, loss of appetite,
headaches, irritability, poor memory, and dizziness. Chronic exposure to low
level H2S (around 2 ppm) has been implicated in increased miscarriage and
reproductive health issues among Russian and Finnish wood pulp workers, but the
reports have not (as of circa 1995) been replicated.
0.00047 ppm is the recognition
threshold, the concentration at which 50% of humans can detect the
characteristic odor of hydrogen sulfide, normally described as resembling "a
Less than 10 ppm has an exposure limit
of 8 hours per day.
10–20 ppm is the borderline
concentration for eye irritation.
50–100 ppm leads to eye damage.
At 100–150 ppm the olfactory nerve is
paralyzed after a few inhalations, and the sense of smell disappears, often
together with awareness of danger.
320–530 ppm leads to pulmonary
edema with the possibility of death.
530–1000 ppm causes strong stimulation
of the central nervous system and rapid breathing, leading to loss of
800 ppm is the lethal concentration
for 50% of humans for 5 minutes exposure (LC50).
Concentrations over 1000 ppm cause
immediate collapse with loss of breathing, even after inhalation of a single
Hydrogen sulfide was used by the British
as a chemical agent during World War One. It was not considered to be an ideal
war gas, but, while other gases were in short supply, it was used on two
occasions in 1916. The gas, produced by mixing certain household ingredients,
was used in a suicide wave in 2008, primarily in Japan. As of 2010, this has
occurred in a number of US cities, prompting warnings to first responders who
can be exposed when responding to a suicide.
Benzene Health Effects - Wikipedia
The short term breathing of high levels of benzene can result in death, while
low levels can cause drowsiness, dizziness, rapid heart rate, headaches,
tremors, confusion, and unconsciousness. Eating or drinking foods containing
high levels of benzene can cause vomiting, irritation of the stomach, dizziness,
sleepiness, convulsions, and death.
The major effects of benzene are manifested via chronic (long-term) exposure
through the blood. Benzene damages the bone marrow and can cause a decrease in
red blood cells, leading to anemia. It can also cause excessive bleeding and
depress the immune system, increasing the chance of infection. Benzene causes
leukemia and is associated with other blood cancers and pre-cancers of the
Human exposure to benzene is a global health problem. Benzene targets liver,
kidney, lung, heart and the brain and can cause DNA strand breaks, chromosomal
damage etc. Benzene causes cancer in both animals and humans. Benzene was first
reported to induce cancer in humans in the 1920s. The chemical industry claims
it wasn't until 1979 that the cancer-inducing properties were determined
"conclusively" in humans, despite many references to this fact in the medical
literature. Industry exploited this "discrepancy" and tried to discredit animal
studies which showed benzene caused cancer, saying that they weren't relevant to
humans. Benzene has been shown to cause cancer in both sexes of multiple species
of laboratory animals exposed via various routes.
Some women who breathed high levels of benzene for many months had irregular
menstrual periods and a decrease in the size of their ovaries. It is not known
whether benzene exposure affects the developing fetus in pregnant women or
fertility in men.
Animal studies have shown low birth weights, delayed bone formation, and bone
marrow damage when pregnant animals breathed benzene.
Benzene has been connected to a rare form of kidney cancer in two separate
studies, one involving tank truck drivers, and the other involving seamen on
tanker vessels, both carrying benzene-laden chemicals.
The US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) classifies benzene as a
human carcinogen. Long-term exposure to excessive levels of benzene in the air
causes leukemia, a potentially fatal cancer of the blood-forming organs, in
susceptible individuals. In particular, Acute myeloid leukemia or acute
non-lymphocytic leukemia (AML & ANLL) is not disputed to be caused by benzene.